Voting, Nominations, and Elections—so that the parliamentarian will know the decision- making process involving nominations, elections, and voting.

What Will Be Tested
Part Five: Voting, Nominations and Elections

Updated to RONR (12th ed.)

Performance Expectations
In addition to the Performance Expectations below, the candidate is expected to be familiar with the rules in Chapters 1-11 of RONRIB (3rd ed.)


7.1     Know the meaning of and how to calculate a majority vote, a two-thirds vote, a majority of the entire membership, and a majority of the fixed membership as explained in RONR (12th ed.) 44:1–3, 44:5–6, and 44:9(b), including 44:9(bn1).
7.2     Understand the two elements that define the bases for determining a voting result given in that define RONR (12th ed.) 44:7–8, and 44:9(bn1) and identify what is required to modify the default bases as described in RONR (12th ed.) 44:10.
7.3     Know the meaning of and how to calculate a plurality vote as explained in RONR (12th ed.) 44:11.
7.4     Know and explain the effect of a tie vote, and the rules concerning the chair’s participation in voting in RONR (12th ed.) 44:12–13.
7.5     Know and identify the rights and obligations in voting, and the rule regarding straw polls, described in RONR (12th ed.) 45:1–2, 45:6–8 (45:6 and 45:8 have been rewritten in the 12th ed), and 45:72.
7.6     Know and explain the rules concerning abstention and voting on questions affecting oneself in RONR (12th ed.) 4:35 (last two sentences) (12th ed. changes in 4:35), and 45:3–5.

Voting by Standard and Alternative Methods

7.7      Know and apply the proper procedure and standard terminology for taking a vote by voice, rising, and show of hands, including announcing the result, described in RONR (12th ed.) 4:36–49 4:37n11 has new material in 12th ed.
7.8      Know and apply the procedures for verifying a vote and counting a rising vote as described in RONR (12th ed.) 4:50–55 (4:53 has new 12th ed. material), and 45:14–15 45:14 has a tweaked rule in the 12th ed.
7.9       Know and apply the rules concerning ballot voting described in RONR (12th ed.) 45:18–25 Substantial changes in 12th ed.
7.12     Know and apply the rules for directing and conducting electronic or machine voting described in RONR 45:42–43 new material in 12th ed.


7.14     Know and identify the basic rules governing nominations by a nominating committee and from the floor given in RONRIB (3rd ed.) pp. 78-79.
7.15     Know and explain how to assist an organization in preparing for and conducting nominations based upon the guidance in PPPP pp. 89-92.
7.16     Know and apply the rules governing debate on nominations described in RONR 46:27–29 New provisions in the 12th ed.
7.19     Recognize and know how to advise tellers concerning the procedure for distributing ballots, the three alternate procedures for collecting ballots, and how the polls are closed, as described in RONR (12th ed.) 45:26–30.

Practice Questions for Part 5

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